At the Intersection of Undocumented and Black

Anti-Blackness in U.S. Immigration Policy — Part 1

Guadeloupean woman, circa 1910, Ellis Island, New York. Ellis Island Photographs from the Collection of William Williams, Commissioner of Immigration, 1902–1913

undocumented welfare queen”

In 1976 during then Governor of California Ronald Reagan’s first candidacy for U.S. president, he addressed an audience of supporters with an anecdote of a Chicago woman with a $150,000 a year tax-free cash income from the use of…



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Lisa Betty

Lisa Betty is a PhD Candidate in History and Course Instructor at Fordham University.